Steps I do when I am setting up a new Raspberry Pi.
The 2 rotates it 180º (the most likely choice for most display cases). 1 would be 90º, and 3 would be 270º.
Go into raspi-config and enable ssh so you can access it from remote. Also, set you locale settings. Set the wifi-country, and choose your SSID config if you plan to use WiFi.
apt update ; apt upgrade
Change the password for the
passwd pi sudo passwd root
useradd -g users -G $( grep pi /etc/group | cut -f 1 -d ':' | egrep -v "^pi$" | tr '\n' ',' | sed -e "s/,$//" ) -m sgarrett
That is one long line. It assigns the same groups to the new user account as the user pi has so you will already be set up with most of the system permissions you need.
Don’t forget to set a password for the account:
Add a config to /etc/sudoers.d so you don’t have to enter your password to elevate your privileges:
cd /etc/sudoers.d ; sed -e "s/^pi/sgarrett/" 010_pi-nopasswd > 010_sgarrett-nopasswd ; chmod 0440 010_sgarrett-nopasswd
Set up the screen to have a cooler font and color.
Set up SMB shares:
SAMBA suite and some useful tools.
apt install samba samba-testsuite smb4k smbc smbclient smbmap
Then, add the accounts you want to the samba password file:
smbpasswd -a sgarrett
Users are tracked in a separate database for samba, so a user has to be created in that database.
SAMBA will synchronize when you change your password.
SAMBA config file
/etc/samba/smb.conf to your own tastes. At a minimum, you will probably want to change the
read only flag for the
[homes] share to
no so you can write to your home directory when you mount the share.
If you plan to mount shares from a Mac, you might want to add the appropriate settings.
Announcing services via mDNS (avahi-daemon)
I find it useful to have my services (ssh, sftp, samba, etc) announced via Bonjour (mDNS) so I can browse for the services, especially on ephemeral VMs that I create for testing and do not set up DNS for. This is where the Avahi service comes in.
First, install the avahi-daemon package:
apt install avahi-daemon
Then copy the ssh and sftp service files into avahi’s configuration:
cp /usr/share/doc/avahi-daemon/examples/ssh.service /usr/share/doc/avahi-daemon/examples/sftp-ssh.service /etc/avahi/services/
Then restart the service:
systemctl restart avahi-daemon